PROFESSOR DONALD D. HORWARD NAMED
COMMANDEUR: PALMES ACADEMIQUES
ESTABLISHED BY NAPOLEON IN 1808
left to right : Dr. Delia Mata-Ciampoli, Attaché Culturel, Consulat Général de France, Miami; Dr. Donald D. Horward, PhD, FINS, Chair, INS Literary & Awards Committee ;
Madame Nicole Hirsch, Déléguée du Conseil Supérieur des Français à l'Étranger,
Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur;
Dr. Antoine Spacagna, Awarded l'Ordre National du Mérite
On 10 April, a Decoration Ceremony, presided over by University President-emeritus, Bernard Sliger and Dean Donald Foss of the College of Arts and Sciences, took place on the Florida State University campus. Dr. Délia Mata-Ciampoli, Vice-consul and attaché culturel of the Consulat de Miami, in accord with a decree signed by the French Prime Minister on the recommendation of the Minister of Education, bestowed the necklet of "Commandeur" of the Ordre des Palmes Académiques on Dr. Donald D. Horward, Director of the Institute on Napoleon and the French Revolution, Ben Weider Eminent Scholar Chair in Napoleonic Studies, and Distinguished Teaching Professor. This order was established by Napoleon on 17 March 1808 to recognize those who have made significant contributions to the sciences and arts.
Prof. Horward, a native of Pennsylvania, received his B.A. from Waynesburg College, his M.A. from Ohio University, and his Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota. He joined the faculty at Florida State in 1961. Since his arrival on campus, almost 16,000 students have been introduced to Napoleon and the French Revolution in his classes. Graduate students were quickly attracted to the field and by 1963 the first master's degree was awarded. Three years later, the first Ph.D. graduated in Napoleonic history from FSU. Thus began the foundation for the Institute on Napoleon and the French Revolution which was formalized in 1990 by the Board of Regents of the State University System of Florida.
Since then, a total of seventy-eight doctorates and M.A. theses have been completed under Prof. Horward's direction, making FSU's Institute the most prolific center for the study of Napoleon in the U.S. Currently, 21 students from all over the U.S. are working on advanced degrees in the Institute. A unique aspect of the Institute program has been its relationship with the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. Fifteen officers, destined for the history faculty at West Point, have been trained in the Napoleonic period at the Institute. This is particularly appropriate since a large segment of the Military Art Course, required of all cadets, focuses on Napoleon and his system of operations.
Teaching has always been a major commitment for Prof. Horward. Indeed, when the first university-wide teaching award was established, he was the first recipient. Since then he has received five additional awards for excellence in teaching and he holds the title of Distinguished Teaching Professor. He has lectured at universities throughout the U.S. and he has given presentations in Europe at such universities as Frederick Schiller University in Germany, Charles University and Masaryk University in the Czech Republic, Cambridge University and Southampton University in England, the University of Budapest in Hungary, etc.
He has held twelve chairs including the Ben Weider Chair at FSU, the Chair of Military History at West Point, the Edwin P. Conquest Chair in Humanities at Virginia Military Institute, the Chair of Military Affairs at the Marine War College (renewed seven times), and the Chair of Military Studies at the School of Advanced War Fighting at the Marine University. He has spoken on Napoleon at the Naval War College, the Army War College, the U.S. Naval Academy, The Air Force Academy, the U.S. Marine Command and Staff College, the Naval Postgraduate School, England's Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst; German General Staff College, Hamburg; The Czechoslovakia Military Academy and the Czech Military Academy, Brno; SHAPE Historical Society, Mons; NATO HQ, Brussels; and the Historical Service of the Portuguese Army, Lisbon. In all, he has presented scholarly papers and addresses at over 190 conferences and institutions of higher learning on various Napoleonic topics.
He has authored eight books that have gone through numerous edditions; they include: The Battle of Bussaco: Masséna vs. Wellington; The French Campaign in Portugal: An Account by Jean-Jacques Pelet, 1810-1811; The French Revolution and Napoleon Collection at Florida State University; Napoleon and Iberia: The Twin Sieges of Ciudad Rodrigo and Almeida, 1810 1994; Napoleon e a Peninsula Iberica-Ciudad Rodrigo y Almeida, dos asedios analogos, 1810; Napoleonic Military History: A Bibliography; Napoleon and America with Robert Holtman; and Warfare in the Western World with Robert Doughty, Ira Gruber, et. al. He co-authored or contributed to twenty more books and has written over fifty articles on the Revolutionary period that have appeared in scholarly journals published in France, England, the Republic of Georgia, Spain, Portugal, Sweden, the Czech Republic, Italy, as well as America and Canada.
Prof. Horward has served as a Director of the Consortium on Revolutionary Europe and he has been editor-in-chief of the Consortium publications for the past eight years. He organized five international Consortium Conferences at FSU including the Congress to Commemorate the Bicentennial of the French Revolution. This meeting, held in Tallahassee, was attended by the French ambassador and 250 participants from eight countries; it was ranked by French scholars as being among the most significant such conferences in the U.S. He was a principal organizer of international conferences related to the Napoleonic period in France (Meaux), Spain (Ciudad Rodrigo), Portugal (Lisbon and Almeida), and England (Cambridge, Southampton), as well as in the United States.
The development of French Revolution-Napoleon Collection at Florida State University was a direct result of his efforts. In 1961 there were some 200 volumes in the collection, and today it includes over 18,000 titles, ranking it among the most extensive in the country. The Collection attracts students and scholars from through the U.S. and Europe.
In 1998, Dr. Ben Weider established at Florida State the first chair devoted to the Napoleonic period and Prof. Horward was designated as the first chair holder. In addition, several scholarships and research/travel fellowships were created for Institute students by the Weider Bequest. A number of fellowships have also beeen established by Institute alumni, including George Knight, "Skip" Vichness, as well as an honorary member of the Institute, the late Proctor Jones. More recently, Roger and Gladys Jomini funded a fellowship in memory of their ancestor, General Henri-Antoine Jomini who served both Napoleon and Alexander I. These funds have also brought students from as far away as Hawaii and the Republic of Georgia to study the Napoleonic period at FSU.
For his work in the Napoleonic period, Prof. Horward has been decorated by the French, American, and Portuguese governments, and recognized by the Czech Republic and Spain. He was elected to the Portuguese Academy of History in December 1991, and the next year he was decorated by the President of Portugal and named a Grand Officer of the Order of Infante Dom Henrique (Prince Henry the Navigator). In 2001, he was honored by the Napoleonic Alliance as the first John Elting Scholar, "for his extraordinary contributions to the study of Napoleonic history."
Regarding Dr. Horward's influence on the study of the Napoleonic period, his development of the Institute on Napoleon and the French Revolution at Florida State has insured interest and research on topics related to the Age of Napoleon. Most of the Napoleonic specialists now teaching in American institutions of higher learning have been trained by Prof. Horward. They have written dozens of books and had literally hundreds of articles in scholarly journals. In fact, over one-forth of the presentations at the 2002 Consortium meeting were given by members or alumni of the Institute. Working in the various archives scattered across Europe, his students have explored new and original topics; they have answered many unanswered questions, filled gaps in previously ignored areas, and raised questions for future research.
Consequently, much of the current research on Napoleon in the U.S. has been carried out by Prof. Horward's current and former students. This is closely related to his success in amassing the volumes of the Napoleon Collection at FSU and his influential role in sustaining and expanding the Consortium Revolutionary Europe. In addition to the thousands of students he has taught in his graduate and undergraduate classes at FSU and other universities, his former students have introduced thousands of their students, including the cadets graduating from West Point, to the Napoleonic era.
Prof. Horward's own research, devoted primarily to the French in Spain and Portugal, events that influenced the careers of Marshal André Masséna and Jean-Jacques Pelet, and strategic operations effecting France during the Revolution and the Empire, has provided new information and insights into the factors that made the Age of Napoleon so unique. His bibliographies have proved useful to scholars and students of the period, and his chapters in the widely used Warfare in the Western World have acquainted students with Napoleon's legacy to the study of military science.